Burning issues in the prevention of heart failure

  • J A Kerr University of Pretoria
  • K Outhoff University of Pretoria
Keywords: chronic heart failure, prevention, cardio-protection, hypertension, type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract

Chronic heart failure is common, debilitating, and often the culmination of pervasive cardiovascular insults that systematically undermine the heart’s circulatory capacity and invoke counterproductive neuro-hormonal compensatory changes. Prevention of chronic heart failure therefore requires minimising the impact of traditional cardiovascular risk factors with incisive treatment of hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and prompt lifestyle interventions for smoking, lack of exercise, obesity and hypercholesterolemia. This review is narrative, with selected emphasis on major studies, rather than structured on a specific clinical question, and should be read as such.

Author Biographies

J A Kerr, University of Pretoria

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa

K Outhoff, University of Pretoria

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Published
2020-08-05
Section
Review Articles