Shifting the paradigm in the management of conditions affecting the thyroid gland

  • N Schellack Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
  • G Schellack
  • A Esterhuizen Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University
Keywords: thyroid gland, thyroxine, triiodothyronine, iodide, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, goitre, thyroid storm

Abstract

Disorders of the thyroid gland are frequently encountered in the clinical practice setting and typically fall into one of two categories, namely hypothyroidism (i.e. deficient levels of circulating thyroid hormone), or hyperthyroidism (or thyrotoxicosis) that involves abnormally high levels of thyroid hormone in the bloodstream. This article provides a high-level overview of thyroid function, the two major pathophysiological abnormalities of the thyroid gland, as well as treatment modalities aimed at managing patients with thyroid pathology.

Author Biographies

N Schellack, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University

School of Pharmacy, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, South Africa

G Schellack

Pharmaceutical industry, specialising in clinical research and applied pharmacology

A Esterhuizen, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University

School of Pharmacy, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, South Africa

Published
2020-04-17
Section
Review Articles