Knowledge of foot-care in people with diabetes in a tertiary care setting

  • Paul Rheeder University of Pretoria
  • Marie Venn
  • Ewald De Korte
  • Danie van Zyl
Keywords: Diabetes, patient education


Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the levels of foot-care knowledge amongst patients attending the diabetes clinic at Pretoria Academic Hospital, by comparing the knowledge of patients with “at risk” feet (ARF) to those with “normal/not at risk” feet (NARF) and so assess whether the education effort by the clinic is effective. Methods: Patients attending the clinic completed an interviewer assisted questionnaire with 11 questions concerning foot-care knowledge. A knowledge score for each patient was calculated. Results: The maximum possible score was 11 and ranged from 4 to 11. The mean score of the ARF group was 8.9 (sd 1.4) (range 4-11) compared to 8.9 (sd1.4) for the NARF group (range 5-11) (P>0.05). The most substantial difference between the two groups was that the ARF group gave 20% more correct answers than the NARF group with regards to frequency of foot inspection (daily) (p=0.025). Conclusions: Both groups of patients had a reasonable knowledge regarding foot-care. The patients at risk were more aware of the need for daily foot inspection.

Author Biography

Paul Rheeder, University of Pretoria
Medihelp Chair in Clinical Epidemiology Division of Clinical Epidemiology Faculty of Health Sciences University of Pretoria
Original Research